Network of Excellence in Internet Science

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR)

CNR is the Italian National Research Council. CNR is carrying out interdisciplinary scientific and technological research into several sectors including information and communications, healthcare, human sciences, environment and land. CNR participates in the project through the Ubiquitous Internet group of the Institute for Informatics and Telematics (UI-IIT) that is pursuing an interdisciplinary approach in the study of innovative communication and networking paradigms. Specifically, the research activities of UI-IIT are focused on Future Internet, and UI-IIT members have been involved since the beginning in European Commission expert groups for this topic (e.g., for the FIRE unit). UI-IIT researchers feature broad expertise in the design, modeling, performance evaluation through analysis, simulation and experiments of innovative Internet architectures and protocols. Currently, they are involved into FP7 projects pursuing an interdisciplinary approach in the study of current and future Internet. Relevant projects are the FP7 FET-PERADA SOCIALNETS (Social networking for pervasive adaptation) project, the FP7 FET-Awareness RECOGNITION (Relevance and cognition for self-awareness in a content-centric Internet) project, and the FP7 FIRE SCAMPI (Service platform for social Aware Mobile and Pervasive computIng) project. Specifically, the SOCIALNETS project -- involving ICT, complex-system and socio-anthropology experts – aims at studying and modeling (with complex-network techniques) the dynamic nature of human social interactions to inspire the development of a pervasive Internet exploiting user behaviour to distribute data and user generated content. RECOGNITION builds on top of SOCIALNETS results, and mainly focuses on the data management issues in the content-centric Future Internet. In particular, RECOGNITION is investigating radically novel approaches, based on psychological/cognitive theories, to assess the relevance of content items for specific users in specific conditions, and build content management solutions based on these approaches. The SCAMPI project, which also inherits ideas and models from SOCIALNETS, is aimed at developing a platform for social-enables pervasive computing services. In the framework of these projects, CNR actively collaborates with several EINS partners (Univ. Oxford, Univ. Cambridge, ETH Zurich, Technicolor and UoA). In addition to the above projects, UI-IIT researchers are and have been involved in many national and international research projects focusing on designing and experimenting the future ubiquitous Internet. UI-IIT led, between 2002 and 2005, the FP5 FET Project MobileMAN, aimed at developing innovative cross-layer architectures for self-organizing, wireless network. The FP7 ICT EU-MESH project (2008-2010) exploited MobileMAN results for developing innovative solutions for QoS routing protocols in (on demand) mesh networks. Between 2006 and 2010, UI-IIT participated to the FP6 FET-SAC HAGGLE project, which designed and implemented disruptive networking architectures for opportunistic networks. Last, UI-IIT contributed to the NEST-PATHFINDER MEMORY project (2007-2010), involving ICT people and psychologists and neuro-physiologists, to model and characterize the sensing networks in humans and in ICT systems (i.e., sensor networks). CNR has as an associate partner: the University of Trento (UniTN). The UniTN team is inherently multidisciplinary (joining together researchers ranging from ICT to sociology, from social networks to business economics) and has a consolidated experience in the study of ICT development and their social, political and economical aspects and impacts. UniTN is a member of the EIT‐ICTLabs, i.e., the Knowledge Integrated Centre (KIC) of the European Institute of Technology aimed at using ICT as the key enabler for driving the transformation towards the Future Information and Communication Society. Furthermore, UniTN has launched a FET Flagship initiative on the Social Computer (socialcomputer.eu), a holistic research approach that puts computer science and social sciences in a loop for the development of socially-aware communication technologies, i.e., that are able to properly account and integrate human values and social interaction norms. Within EINS, the UniTN team mainly contributes to tackle Sociology and Economics research issues. In relation to the first field, the team has a long term experience in the study of collective action practices (e.g., coalitions and community formations) and has developed theoretical frameworks to inquiry how the development and adoption of ICT affects the construction, the maintenance and the management of social relations both online and offline. As far as the economic aspects, the team has an in-depth knowledge of how advancements in information and communication practices affect commercial and organizational behaviours. In addition, the team has high competences in the study of economic incentive mechanisms to foster the adoption of innovative ICT within industries. Moreover, the UNITN team characterizes itself for a long-term experience in studying information and communication issues as relevant global policy fields, where complex multi‐stakeholder dynamics are experimented in order to increase the democratic level of decision making processes related to key global resources.

Italy

Website

http://www.cnr.it/sitocnr